Treaty of La Pointe 1842
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at La Pointe of Lake Superior, in the Territory of Wisconsin, between Robert Stuart commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, by their chiefs and headmen.
The Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, cede to the United States all the country within the following boundaries; viz: beginning at the mouth of Chocolate river of Lake Superior; thence northwardly across said lake to intersect the boundery line between the United States and the Province of Canada: thence up said Lake Superior to the mouth of the St. Louis, or Fond du Lac river (including all the islands in said lake); thence up said river to the American Fur Company’s trading post at the southwardly bend thereof, about 22 miles from its mouth: thence south to intersect the line of the treaty of 29th July 1837, with the Chippewas of the Mississippi: thence along said line to its southeastwardly extremity, near the Plover portage on the Wisconsin river; thence northeastwardly, along the boundary line. between the Chippewas and Menomonees, to its eastern termination, (established by the treaty held with the Chippewas, Menomonees, and Winnebagoes, at Butte des Morts, August 11th 1827) On the Skonawby river of Green Bay: thence northwardly to the source of Chocolate river; thence down said river to its mouth, the place of beginning: it being the intention of the parties to this treaty, to include in this cession, all the Chippewa lands eastwardly of the aforesaid line running from the American Fur Company’s trading post on the Fond du Lac river to the intersection of the line of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi July 29th 1837.
The Indians stipulate for the right of hunting on the ceded territory, with the other usual privileges of occupancy, until required to remove by the President of the United States, and that the laws of the United States shall be continued in force, in respect to their trade and intercourse with the whites, until otherwise ordered by Congress.
It is agreed by the parties to this treaty, that whenever the Indians shall be required to remove from the ceded district, all the unceded lands belonging to the Indians of Fond du Lac, Sandy Lake, and Mississippi bands, shall be the common property and home of all the Indians, party to this treaty.
In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States, engage to pay to the Chippers Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, annually, for twenty-five years, twelve thousand five hundred (12,500) dollars, in specie, ten thousand five hundred (10,500) dollars in goods, two thousand (2,000) dollars in provisions and tobacco, two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of two blacksmiths shops, (including pay of smiths and assistants, and iron steel) one thousand (1,000) dollars for pay of two farmers, twelve hundred (1,200) for pay of two carpenters, and two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of schools for the Indians party to this treaty; and further the United States engage to pay the sum of five thousand (5,000) dollars as an agricultural fund, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War. And also the sum of seventy-five thousand (75,000) dollars, shall be allowed for the full satisfaction of their debts within the ceded district, which shall be examined by the commissioner to this treaty, and the amount to be allowed decided upon by him, which shall appear in a schedule hereunto annexed. The United States shall pay the amount so allowed within three years.
Whereas the Indians have expressed a strong desire to have some provision made for their half breed relatives, therefore it is agreed, that fifteen thousand (15,000) dollars shall be paid to said Indians, next year, as a present, to be disposed of, as they, together with their agent, shall determine in council.
Whereas the whole country between Lake Superior and the Mississippi has always been understood as belonging in common to the Chippewas, part to this treaty; and whereas the bands bordering on Lake Superior, have not been allowed to participate in the annuity payments of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi at St. Peters July 29th 1837, and whereas all the unceded lands belonging to the aforesaid Indians, are hereafter to be held in common, therefore, to remove all occasion for jealousy and discontent, it is agreed that all the annuity due by the said treaty, as also the annuity due by the present treaty, shall henceforth be equally divided among the Chippewas of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, party to this treaty, so that every person shall receive an equal share.
The Indians residing on the Mineral district shall be subject to removal therefrom at the pleasure of the resident of the United States.
This treaty shall be obligatory upon the contracting parties, when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.
The Ojibwe treaty signatories were:
|#||Location||Recorded Name||Name (Translation/”Alias”)||Title|
|1||Crow Wing River||Po go ne gi shik||Bagonegiizhig (Hole in the Day)||1st chief|
|2||Crow Wing River|
Son go com ick
|Zoongakamig (Firm Ground)||2d chief|
|3||Sandy Lake Band||Ka non do ur uin zo||Gaa-nandawaawinzo (He that Gathers Berries/”le Brocheux“)||1st chief|
|4||Sandy Lake Band||Na tum e gaw bon||Netamigaabawi (Stands First)||2d chief|
|5||Gull Lake||Ua bo jig||Waabojiig (White Fisher)||1st chief|
|6||Gull Lake||Pay pe si gon de bay||Bebiizigindibe (Curly Head)||2d chief|
|7||Red Ceder Lake|
Kui ui sen shis
|Bebiizigindibe (Curly Head)||1st chief|
|8||Red Ceder Lake||Ott taw wance||Gwiiwizhenzhish (Bad Boy)||2d chief|
|9||Pokegama||Bai ie jig||Odaawaans (Little Ottawa)||1st chief|
|10||Pokegama||Show ne aw||Bayezhig (Lone Man)||2d chief|
Ki uen zi
|Zhooniyaa (Silver)||1st chief|
|12||Wisconsin River||Wi aw bis ke kut te way||Akiwenzii (Old Man)||2d chief|
|13||Lac du Flambeau Band||A pish ka go gi||Apishkaagaagi (Magpie/”White Crow”)||1st chief|
|14||Lac du Flambeau Band||May tock cus e quay||Metaakozige ([Smokes] Pure Tobacco)||2d chief|
|15||Lac du Flambeau Band||She maw gon e||Zhimaagani (Lance)||2d chief|
|16||Lake Bands||Ki ji ua be she shi||Gichi-waabizheshi (Big Marten)||1st chief|
|17||Lake Bands||Ke kon o tum||Geganoodam (Intercessor)||2d chief|
|18||Fond du Lac Band||Shin goob||Zhingob (Balsam)||1st chief|
|19||Fond du Lac Band||Na gan nab||Naagaanab (Foremost Sitter)||2d chief|
|20||Fond du Lac Band||Mong o zet||Maangozid (Loon’s Foot)||2d chief|
|21||La Pointe Band||Gitchi waisky||Gichi-weshkiinh (Great-renewer/”Buffalo”)||1st chief|
|22||La Pointe Band||Mi zi||Mizay (Eel)||2d chief|
|23||La Pointe Band||Ta qua gone e||Dagwagaane (Two Lodges Meet)||2d chief|
|24||Ontonagon||O kon di kan||Okandikan (Bouy)||1st chief|
|25||Ontonagon||Kis ke taw wac||Giishkitawag (Cut Ear)||2d chief|
|26||L’Anse||Pe na shi||Bineshiinh (Bird)||1st chief|
|27||L’Anse||Guck we san sish||Akakwijenzhish (Bad Little Groundhog)||2d chief|
|28||Lac Vieux Desert Band||Ka she osh e||Gezhiiyaashi (Sails Fast)||1st chief|
|29||Lac Vieux Desert Band||Medge waw gwaw wot||2d chief|
|30||Mille Lacs Indians||Ne qua ne be||Negwanebi ([Quill]feather)||1st chief|
|31||Mille Lacs Indians||Ua shash ko kum||Wazhashkokon (Muskrat’s Liver)||2d chief|
|32||Mille Lacs Indians||No din||Noodin (Wind)||2d chief|
|33||St. Croix Band||Be zhi ki||Bizhiki (Buffalo)||1st chief|
|34||St. Croix Band||Ka bi na be||Gaa-bimabi (He that sits to the side/”Wet mouth”)||2d chief|
|35||St. Croix Band||Ai aw bens||Ayaabens (Little Buck)||2d chief|
|36||Snake River||Sha go bi||Shák’pí (“Little” Six)‡||1st chief|
|Ua be she shi||Waabizheshi (Marten)||1st chief|
|38||Chippewa River||Que way zhan sis||Gwiiwizhenzhish (Bad Boy)||2d chief|
|39||Lac Courte Oreilles Band||Ne na nang eb||Nenaa’angebi (Beautifying Bird)||1st chief|
|40||Lac Courte Oreilles Band||Be bo kon uen||2d chief|
|41||Lac Courte Oreilles Band||Ki uen zi||Akiwenzii (Old Man)||2d chief|
In presence of—
Henry Blanchford, interpreter.
Samuel Ashmun, interpreter.
Charles H. Oakes.
William A. Aitkin.
Charles M. Borup.
C. H. Beaulieau.
L. T. Jamison.
James P. Scott.
L. M. Warren.
Schedule of claims examined and allowed by Robert Stuart, commissioner, under the treaty with the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, concluded at La Pointe, October 4th 1842, setting forth the names of claimants, and their proportion of allowance of the seventy-five thousand dollars provided in the fourth article of the aforesaid treaty, for the full satisfaction of their debts, as follows:
|No. of claim||Name of claimant.||Proportion of $75,000. set apart |
in 4th article of treaty.
|1||Edward F. Ely||$50 80|
|2||Z. Platt, esq., attorney for George Berkett||$484 67|
|3||Cleveland North Lake Co||$1,485 67|
|4||Abraham W. Williams||$75 03|
|5||William Brewster||$2,052 67|
|his claim to be paid as follows, viz:|
|William Brewster, or order||$1,929.77|
|Charles W. Borup, or order||$122.90|
|6||George Copway||$61 67|
|7||John Kahbege||$57 55|
|8||Alixes Carpantier||$28 58|
|9||John W. Bell||$186 16|
|10||Antoine Picard||$6 46|
|11||Michael Brisette||$182 42|
|12||Francois Dejaddon||$301 48|
|13||Pierre C. Duvernay||$1,101 00|
|14||Jean Bts. Bazinet||$325 46|
|15||John Hotley||$69 00|
|16||Francois Charette||$234 92|
|17||Clement H. Beaulieu, agent for the estate of Bazil Beaulieu, dec’d||$596 84|
|18||Francois St. Jean and George Bonga||$366 84|
|19||Louis Ladebauche||$322 52|
|20||Peter Crebassa||$499 27|
|21||B. T. Kavanaugh||$516 82|
|22||Augustin Goslin||$69 05|
|23||American Fur Company||$13,365 30|
|This claim to be paid as follows, viz:||13,365 30|
|American Fur Company||$12,565 10|
|Charles W. Borup||$800 20|
|25||William A. Aitken||$935 67|
|26||James P. Scott||$73 41|
|27||Augustin Bellanger||$192 35|
|28||Louis Corbin||$12 57|
|29||Alexes Corbin||$596 03|
|30||George Johnston||$35 24|
|31||Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Sam’l Ashman||$1,771 63|
|32||Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Johnson||$390 27|
|33||Z. Platt, esq., attorney for estate of Dan’l Dingley||$1,991 62|
|34||Lyman M. Warren||$1,566 65|
|35||Estate of Michael Cadotte, disallowed.|
|36||Z. Platt. esq., attorney for estate of E. Roussain||$959 13|
|37||Joseph Dufault||$144 32|
|38||Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Antoine Mace||$170 35|
|39||Michael Cadotte||$205 60|
|40||Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Francois Gauthier||$167 05|
|41||Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Joseph Gauthier||$614 30|
|42||Z. Platt, esq., attorney for J. B. Uoulle||$64 78|
|43||Jean Bts. Corbin||$531 50|
|44||John Hulbert||$209 18|
|45||Jean Bts. Couvellion||$18 80|
|46||Nicholas Da Couteau, withdrawn.|
|47||Pierre Cotte||$732 50|
|48||W. H. Brockway and Henry Holt, executors to the estate of John Holliday, dec’d.||$3,157 10|
|John Jacob Astor||$37,994 98|
|This claim to be paid as follows, viz:|
|Charles W. Borup||$1,676 90|
|John Jacob Astor||$23,696 28|
|50||Z. Platt. esq., attorney for Thos. Connor||$1,118 60|
|51||Charles H. Oakes||$4,309 21|
|52||Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Morrison||$1,074 70|
|53||Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Isaac Butterfield||$1,275 56|
|54||J. B. Van Rensselaer||$62 00|
|William Brewster and James W. Abbot||$2,067 10|
|The parties to this claim request no payment be made to either without their joint consent, or until a decision of the case be had, in a court of justice.|
|55||William Bell||$17 62|
Robert Stuart, Commissioner.
Jno. Hulbert, Secretary.