Treaty of La Point 1842

Treaty of La Pointe 1842

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at La Pointe of Lake Superior, in the Territory of Wisconsin, between Robert Stuart commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, by their chiefs and headmen.


The Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, cede to the United States all the country within the following boundaries; viz: beginning at the mouth of Chocolate river of Lake Superior; thence northwardly across said lake to intersect the boundery line between the United States and the Province of Canada: thence up said Lake Superior to the mouth of the St. Louis, or Fond du Lac river (including all the islands in said lake); thence up said river to the American Fur Company’s trading post at the southwardly bend thereof, about 22 miles from its mouth: thence south to intersect the line of the treaty of 29th July 1837, with the Chippewas of the Mississippi: thence along said line to its southeastwardly extremity, near the Plover portage on the Wisconsin river; thence northeastwardly, along the boundary line. between the Chippewas and Menomonees, to its eastern termination, (established by the treaty held with the Chippewas, Menomonees, and Winnebagoes, at Butte des Morts, August 11th 1827) On the Skonawby river of Green Bay: thence northwardly to the source of Chocolate river; thence down said river to its mouth, the place of beginning: it being the intention of the parties to this treaty, to include in this cession, all the Chippewa lands eastwardly of the aforesaid line running from the American Fur Company’s trading post on the Fond du Lac river to the intersection of the line of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi July 29th 1837.


The Indians stipulate for the right of hunting on the ceded territory, with the other usual privileges of occupancy, until required to remove by the President of the United States, and that the laws of the United States shall be continued in force, in respect to their trade and intercourse with the whites, until otherwise ordered by Congress.


It is agreed by the parties to this treaty, that whenever the Indians shall be required to remove from the ceded district, all the unceded lands belonging to the Indians of Fond du Lac, Sandy Lake, and Mississippi bands, shall be the common property and home of all the Indians, party to this treaty.


In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States, engage to pay to the Chippers Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, annually, for twenty-five years, twelve thousand five hundred (12,500) dollars, in specie, ten thousand five hundred (10,500) dollars in goods, two thousand (2,000) dollars in provisions and tobacco, two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of two blacksmiths shops, (including pay of smiths and assistants, and iron steel) one thousand (1,000) dollars for pay of two farmers, twelve hundred (1,200) for pay of two carpenters, and two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of schools for the Indians party to this treaty; and further the United States engage to pay the sum of five thousand (5,000) dollars as an agricultural fund, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War. And also the sum of seventy-five thousand (75,000) dollars, shall be allowed for the full satisfaction of their debts within the ceded district, which shall be examined by the commissioner to this treaty, and the amount to be allowed decided upon by him, which shall appear in a schedule hereunto annexed. The United States shall pay the amount so allowed within three years.

Whereas the Indians have expressed a strong desire to have some provision made for their half breed relatives, therefore it is agreed, that fifteen thousand (15,000) dollars shall be paid to said Indians, next year, as a present, to be disposed of, as they, together with their agent, shall determine in council.


Whereas the whole country between Lake Superior and the Mississippi has always been understood as belonging in common to the Chippewas, part to this treaty; and whereas the bands bordering on Lake Superior, have not been allowed to participate in the annuity payments of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi at St. Peters July 29th 1837, and whereas all the unceded lands belonging to the aforesaid Indians, are hereafter to be held in common, therefore, to remove all occasion for jealousy and discontent, it is agreed that all the annuity due by the said treaty, as also the annuity due by the present treaty, shall henceforth be equally divided among the Chippewas of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, party to this treaty, so that every person shall receive an equal share.


The Indians residing on the Mineral district shall be subject to removal therefrom at the pleasure of the resident of the United States.


This treaty shall be obligatory upon the contracting parties, when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.

The Ojibwe treaty signatories were:

#LocationRecorded NameName (Translation/”Alias”)Title
1Crow Wing RiverPo go ne gi shikBagonegiizhig (Hole in the Day)1st chief
2Crow Wing River
Son go com ick
Zoongakamig (Firm Ground)2d chief
3Sandy Lake BandKa non do ur uin zoGaa-nandawaawinzo (He that Gathers Berries/”le Brocheux“)1st chief
4Sandy Lake BandNa tum e gaw bonNetamigaabawi (Stands First)2d chief
5Gull LakeUa bo jigWaabojiig (White Fisher)1st chief
6Gull LakePay pe si gon de bayBebiizigindibe (Curly Head)2d chief
7Red Ceder Lake
Kui ui sen shis
Bebiizigindibe (Curly Head)1st chief
8Red Ceder LakeOtt taw wanceGwiiwizhenzhish (Bad Boy)2d chief
9PokegamaBai ie jigOdaawaans (Little Ottawa)1st chief
10PokegamaShow ne awBayezhig (Lone Man)2d chief
11Wisconsin River
Ki uen zi
Zhooniyaa (Silver)1st chief
12Wisconsin RiverWi aw bis ke kut te wayAkiwenzii (Old Man)2d chief
13Lac du Flambeau BandA pish ka go giApishkaagaagi (Magpie/”White Crow”)1st chief
14Lac du Flambeau BandMay tock cus e quayMetaakozige ([Smokes] Pure Tobacco)2d chief
15Lac du Flambeau BandShe maw gon eZhimaagani (Lance)2d chief
16Lake BandsKi ji ua be she shiGichi-waabizheshi (Big Marten)1st chief
17Lake BandsKe kon o tumGeganoodam (Intercessor)2d chief
18Fond du Lac BandShin goobZhingob (Balsam)1st chief
19Fond du Lac BandNa gan nabNaagaanab (Foremost Sitter)2d chief
20Fond du Lac BandMong o zetMaangozid (Loon’s Foot)2d chief
21La Pointe BandGitchi waiskyGichi-weshkiinh (Great-renewer/”Buffalo”)1st chief
22La Pointe BandMi ziMizay (Eel)2d chief
23La Pointe BandTa qua gone eDagwagaane (Two Lodges Meet)2d chief
24OntonagonO kon di kanOkandikan (Bouy)1st chief
25OntonagonKis ke taw wacGiishkitawag (Cut Ear)2d chief
26L’AnsePe na shiBineshiinh (Bird)1st chief
27L’AnseGuck we san sishAkakwijenzhish (Bad Little Groundhog)2d chief
28Lac Vieux Desert BandKa she osh eGezhiiyaashi (Sails Fast)1st chief
29Lac Vieux Desert BandMedge waw gwaw wot2d chief
30Mille Lacs IndiansNe qua ne beNegwanebi ([Quill]feather)1st chief
31Mille Lacs IndiansUa shash ko kumWazhashkokon (Muskrat’s Liver)2d chief
32Mille Lacs IndiansNo dinNoodin (Wind)2d chief
33St. Croix BandBe zhi kiBizhiki (Buffalo)1st chief
34St. Croix BandKa bi na beGaa-bimabi (He that sits to the side/”Wet mouth”)2d chief
35St. Croix BandAi aw bensAyaabens (Little Buck)2d chief
36Snake RiverSha go biShák’pí (“Little” Six)1st chief
Chippewa River
Ua be she shiWaabizheshi (Marten)1st chief
38Chippewa RiverQue way zhan sisGwiiwizhenzhish (Bad Boy)2d chief
39Lac Courte Oreilles BandNe na nang ebNenaa’angebi (Beautifying Bird)1st chief
40Lac Courte Oreilles BandBe bo kon uen2d chief
41Lac Courte Oreilles BandKi uen ziAkiwenzii (Old Man)2d chief

In presence of—
Henry Blanchford, interpreter. 
Samuel Ashmun, interpreter. 
Justin Rice. 
Charles H. Oakes. 
William A. Aitkin. 
William Brewster. 
Charles M. Borup. 
Z. Platt. 
C. H. Beaulieau. 
L. T. Jamison. 
James P. Scott. 
Cyrus Mendenhall. 
L. M. Warren.

Schedule of claims examined and allowed by Robert Stuart, commissioner, under the treaty with the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, concluded at La Pointe, October 4th 1842, setting forth the names of claimants, and their proportion of allowance of the seventy-five thousand dollars provided in the fourth article of the aforesaid treaty, for the full satisfaction of their debts, as follows:

No. of claimName of claimant.Proportion of $75,000. set apart
in 4th article of treaty.
1Edward F. Ely$50 80
2Z. Platt, esq., attorney for George Berkett$484 67
3Cleveland North Lake Co$1,485 67
4Abraham W. Williams$75 03
5William Brewster$2,052 67
his claim to be paid as follows, viz:
William Brewster, or order$1,929.77
Charles W. Borup, or order$122.90
6George Copway$61 67
7John Kahbege$57 55
8Alixes Carpantier$28 58
9John W. Bell$186 16
10Antoine Picard$6 46
11Michael Brisette$182 42
12Francois Dejaddon$301 48
13Pierre C. Duvernay$1,101 00
14Jean Bts. Bazinet$325 46
15John Hotley$69 00
16Francois Charette$234 92
17Clement H. Beaulieu, agent for the estate of Bazil Beaulieu, dec’d$596 84
18Francois St. Jean and George Bonga$366 84
19Louis Ladebauche$322 52
20Peter Crebassa$499 27
21B. T. Kavanaugh$516 82
22Augustin Goslin$69 05
23American Fur Company$13,365 30
This claim to be paid as follows, viz:13,365 30
American Fur Company
$12,565 10
Charles W. Borup$800 20
25William A. Aitken$935 67
26James P. Scott$73 41
27Augustin Bellanger$192 35
28Louis Corbin$12 57
29Alexes Corbin$596 03
30George Johnston$35 24
31Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Sam’l Ashman$1,771 63
32Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Johnson$390 27
33Z. Platt, esq., attorney for estate of Dan’l Dingley$1,991 62
34Lyman M. Warren$1,566 65
35Estate of Michael Cadotte, disallowed.
36Z. Platt. esq., attorney for estate of E. Roussain$959 13
37Joseph Dufault$144 32
38Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Antoine Mace$170 35
39Michael Cadotte$205 60
40Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Francois Gauthier$167 05
41Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Joseph Gauthier$614 30
42Z. Platt, esq., attorney for J. B. Uoulle$64 78
43Jean Bts. Corbin$531 50
44John Hulbert$209 18
45Jean Bts. Couvellion$18 80
46Nicholas Da Couteau, withdrawn.
47Pierre Cotte$732 50
48W. H. Brockway and Henry Holt, executors to the estate of John Holliday, dec’d.$3,157 10
John Jacob Astor$37,994 98
This claim to be paid as follows, viz:
Charles W. Borup$1,676 90
$2,621 80
John Jacob Astor$23,696 28
50Z. Platt. esq., attorney for Thos. Connor$1,118 60
51Charles H. Oakes$4,309 21
52Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Morrison$1,074 70
53Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Isaac Butterfield$1,275 56
54J. B. Van Rensselaer$62 00
William Brewster and James W. Abbot$2,067 10
The parties to this claim request no payment be made to either without their joint consent, or until a decision of the case be had, in a court of justice.
55William Bell$17 62

Robert Stuart, Commissioner.

Jno. Hulbert, Secretary.